Friday, 13 May 2016

Implications for HIV Prevention

Implications for HIV Prevention

Binary logistic regression results demonstrated that alcohol use before or during sex was predictive of having a primary sex partner, casual sex partner, higher income, previous sexually transmitted infection testing, and a higher number of male sex partners ( Implications for HIV Prevention ). Recreational drug use before or during sex was predictive of having an HIV positive status, casual sex partner, unprotected anal intercourse with a male sex partner, and being younger. These findings present significant formative implications for the influence of substance use in relation to HIV sexual risk behavior in Black gay and bisexual men.
Since the onset of the AIDS epidemic, Black gay and bisexual men have been at a substantial risk for acquiring HIV. Substance use has been identified as a significant risk factor for engaging in HIV sexual risk behavior. The purpose of this formative research investigation was to examine substance use in relation to sexual behavior through differentiating users versus nonusers of alcohol and recreational drugs before or during sex in a community-based sample of 481 Black gay and bisexual men in the New York metropolitan area.
Men who have sex with men continue to comprise the majority of all men living with HIV, as well as new HIV infections increase in the US, with black men who have sex with men having the highest HIV prevalence. Among Men who have sex with men the use of cocaine/crack and methamphetamines has been linked to unprotected anal sex, exchange of money or drugs for sex, abuse of alcohol, drug use with casual and steady partners, being younger in age, use of poppers and Viagra, and drug use before or during sex. Yet drug use in general, and stimulant use specifically, are not well documented among entirely Black Men who have sex with men samples in the US.
Unmistakably, gay and bisexual men who prefer to use drugs in conjunction with their sexual activities constitute a risk group in need of targeted intervention if their HIV risk levels are to be reduced. Other authors have written about the heightened HIV-related risks that often accompany substance use among men who have sex with other men, including some theoretical work designed to help understand and explain the interrelationship of substance use, dis-inhibition, and HIV risk taking. Some authors have taken this one step farther, by noting the additional heightening of risk that is attendant with this practice when it entails meeting men via the internet.

Friday, 15 January 2016

Most Wonderful Pottery

About Pottery

pottery


Pottery was made in early Neolithic farm vilages for cooking and storage. Serving one of man's most basic needs, it also became, over the centuries, one of his most highly developed art forms.
Because fired ( baked ) clay is remarkably resistant to weathering, clay artifacts are among the oldest reminders we have of man's skills. Fine pottery enclosed in tombs and broken bits thrown on rubbish heaps have helped archaeologists trace the growth of ancient societies. The pottery of all periods reflects religious and aesthetic traditions and reveals the course of trade, diplomacy, and war.

Pottery, in the broad sense, consists of objects formed from plastic clay and fired for durability. It includes vessels, sculpture, brick, and tile made stoneware or porcelain, all covered under the traditional term " ceramics " . It does not include such products of modern industrial ceramics as high fired clay structural materials or objects of glass, enamel, cement, or plaster. In the strict sense, " pottery " refers only to vessels of earthenware.

Tuesday, 12 January 2016

About Jewelry

What is Jewelry

Welcome to HealthEduPro. Jewelry or " Jewellery ( american ) " is a form of personal adornment, such as earrings, bracelets, necklaces, rings, gems, pearls, gold, brooches, etc. Jewellery normally differs from other items of personal adornment in that it has no other purpose than to look appealing.
Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials, but gemstones, precious metals, beads and shells have been widely used. Jewellery, gemstones, coins, or other precious items are often used, and they are typically set into precious metals. Alloys of nearly every metal known have been encountered in jewellery. Bronze beads and shells, for example, was common in Roman times. Modern fine jewellery usually includes gold, white gold, platinum, silver, titanium, or palladium. Most American and European gold jewellery is made of an alloy of gold, the purity of which is stated in karats, indicated by a number followed by the letter ( K ).
American gold jewellery must be of at least 10K purity ( 41.7 per cent pure gold), (though in the UK the number is 9K ( 37.5 per cent pure gold) and is typically found up to 18K (75 per cent pure gold). Higher purity levels are less common with alloys at 22 K (91.6 per cent pure gold), and 24 K (99.9 per cent pure gold) being considered too soft for jewellery use in America and Europe. These high purity alloys, however, are widely used across Asia, the Middle East and Africa, Platinum alloys range from 900 (90 per cent pure) to 950 (95.0 per cent pure). The silver used in jewellery is usually sterling silver, or 92.5 per cent fine silver. In costume jewellery, stainless steel findings are sometimes used.